Hepatitis A,B, and C

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is a virus that spreads through person to person contact with an infected person. It is also spread through contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated by feces (stool). Sometimes Hep A is spread from oral/anal contact with an infected sexual partner. The best way to prevent Hepatitis A is through vaccination. Frequent hand washing with soap and warm water after using the bathroom, changing a diaper, or before preparing food is also important. 

A vaccine against Hepatitis A is free for certain high-risk groups. Get the hepatitis A vaccine today. Link to vaccine info

Remember

  • Any infection in the genital area may increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV. Practicing safer sex, by using latex or polyurethane condoms and/or dental dams for oral, anal or vaginal sex can reduce the risk of STIs.
  • Order FREE condoms & dental dams today at the Sex it Smart website
  • Want to get tested? Visit the Get Tested Why Not website
  • Call the AIDS & Sexual Health Info Line at 1-800-668-2437 if you have questions or need help.
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver and spreads through contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva. Hepatitis B can occur through sexual contact, sharing drug equipment (needle, syringe, water, cooker, cotton, etc), straws, personal hygiene articles (razors, toothbrushes, etc), tattoos, body piercing, and acupuncture. Not all people with hepatitis B will have symptoms. Some people (90 per cent) will "clear" the virus with no ill effects. Their immune system develops antibodies to fight the infection. Some people (9 per cent) will carry the virus forever (chronic carriers). Hepatitis B is diagnosed with a blood test. It may take up to two months after exposure for the virus to be detected in the blood. Protect yourself by getting the hepatitis B vaccine.

A vaccine against Hepatitis B is free to Grade 7 students and certain high-risk groups. Get the hepatitis B vaccine. Link to vaccine info

Remember

  • Any infection in the genital area may increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV. Practicing safer sex, by using latex or polyurethane condoms and/or dental dams for oral, anal or vaginal sex can reduce the risk of STIs.
  • Order FREE condoms & dental dams today at the Sex it Smart website
  • Want to get tested? Visit the Get Tested Why Not website
  • Call the AIDS & Sexual Health Info Line at 1-800-668-2437 if you have questions or need help.
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a virus that affects the liver. You can get hepatitis C by coming in contact with infected blood. Infection can occur when:
  • Sharing drug-use equipment (needle, syringe, water, straws, cooker, crack pipes, etc.)
  • Receiving blood and/or blood products, or immunoglobulin prior to 1992
  • Having sexual contact with a partner infected with hepatitis C
  • Getting tattoos, body piercing, acupuncture where non-sterile equipment is used
  • Sharing personal hygiene articles such as razors, toothbrushes or nail clippers
  • Having a blood contact and/or needle stick injury (i.e. healthcare and emergency response workers)
  • Babies are born to infected mothers

Most people have no signs or symptoms of hepatitis C and can only be diagnosed with a blood test. It may take up to three months after exposure for the virus to be detected in the blood.

Remember

  • Any infection in the genital area may increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV. Practicing safer sex, by using latex or polyurethane condoms and/or dental dams for oral, anal or vaginal sex can reduce the risk of STIs.
  • Order FREE condoms & dental dams today at the Sex it Smart website
  • Want to get tested? Visit the Get Tested Why Not website
  • Call the AIDS & Sexual Health Info Line at 1-800-668-2437 if you have questions or need help.

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