Puberty

Puberty is the term used to describe when a person's body begins to develop and change as they move from being a kid to adult. Puberty is different for everyone - you may notice some of these changes right now and others you may never experience.

Male Puberty
Many changes take place in males as they grow up, especially in puberty. This physical transformation includes a bigger body, changes in the voice and skin, body odour and growth of hair all over their body. Most boys begin puberty between ages 9 and 14.

Physical Changes

Description

Growth and shape

Your body is growing and sometimes it might grow quickly in a short time. All of sudden you might find that your clothes don't fit anymore or that you have grown several inches taller. You will also notice more muscle development and larger shoulders. Each boy is different. Some boys will develop sooner than others. There is no set schedule.

Penis and Testicles

As you transition to an adult, you will notice growth of your testicles, as well as enlargement of your penis. This usually marks the beginning of puberty.

Body hair

Pubic hair usually appears on the genitals after the growth of the penis and testicles. After that, underarm hair begins to grow, and later on, hair might start to grow on the face and chest as well. Some people choose to remove their pubic hair, but it is not necessary. 

Voice

The larynx in your throat is what gives you your voice. During puberty, your larynx will grow and it might stick out in the neck area - this is called the Adam's apple. As the larynx grows, it deepens the voice. It's normal to experience changes in your voice.

Skin

Many teenagers will notice that as they go through puberty their skin becomes oily and pimples start to appear on the face and or body. This is due to hormonal changes

Ejaculation

About a year after the penis starts to grow most boys will experience their first ejaculation. This is a release of sperm and other liquids from inside the male reproductive tract that comes out through the penis. This is perfectly natural and is a part of going through puberty.

Sweat and body odour

The body's sweat glands become more active during puberty, which can mean an increase in body odour. This is normal and can usually be resolved by using a deodorant.

Female Puberty
Hormonal changes cause sexual and other physical changes to occur during puberty. Girls experience puberty over time but their changes usually begin before boys of the same age. Each girl is different and may progress through these changes differently.

Physical Changes

Description

Breasts

The initial puberty change is the development of breast tissue. At first, you will notice small raised bumps behind the nipple, and the bumps will continue to grow and take shape as breasts. The areola (the circle of different coloured skin around the nipple) also increases in size. One breast may develop before the other; this is completely normal. Fully developed breasts come in all shapes and sizes.

Growth and shape

Your body is growing and sometimes it might grow quickly in a short period of time. It is normal to experience a growth spurt as part of puberty. This will usually happen before you get your first period. You will also notice other changes to your body shape, such as more curves or wider hips. In addition, the feet, arms, legs and hands begin to grow in advance of the body. This may cause the adolescent girl to experience a time of feeling clumsy.

Skin

Many teenagers will notice that as they go through puberty their skin becomes oily and pimples start to appear on the face and body. This is due to hormonal changes.

Vaginal discharge

As you go through puberty, your body will start to produce a whitish vaginal discharge. It is normal and it helps to clean and moisten your vagina. If you experience itching, burning, or notice a strong odour, or a change in colour (such as brown, gray, or green), these may be signs of an infection. See your doctor for screening.

Body hair

Pubic hair usually starts to appear on the genitals after the breasts start growing. You will also notice hair growing in the underarms and on the legs. Some people choose to remove their pubic hair, but it is not necessary. 

Periods (Menstruation)

It's normal to be nervous or afraid, especially if you don't know what to expect, but starting your period is a natural and normal part of female puberty.

Sweat and body odour

The body's sweat glands become more active during puberty, which can mean an increase in body odour. This is normal and can usually be resolved by using a deodorant.

 

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